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Peranzana, the dual purpose cultivar of Apulia region, mostly present in the province of Foggia.
According to some traditions, the CV Peranzana originates from Provence (France).
‘Francese’, ‘Provenzale’, Provenzana’, ‘Tondina’
The tree: it has low vigor, an expansive habit and a medium crown density.
The inflorescence: it has a short little finger, with an average number of flowers per little finger and a compact structure.
The leaf: it has an elliptical shape, an average length and width; the longitudinal curvature of the lamina is flat and the color of the upper page is intense green.
The fruit: it has an average weight, a spherical shape, with a position of the maximum average transversal diameter located centrally. The apex is rounded and the base rounded, the lenticels small and abundant. The umbo is absent.
The vegetative restart and mignolature are variable, the flowering period is intermediate and of short duration (14 days), while the veraison period of the drupes is medium and scalar.
The cultivar is characterized by an average weight of the drupes and a medium and graduated veraison. The cultivar is characterized by a late entry into production and a low oil content.
It is a self-sterile cultivar and flowers at the same time as the CVs: Grossa di Spagna and Coratina.
The composition of the fatty acids is characterized by an average percentage content of oleic acid, approximately 70%. The content in total phenols and the resistance to rancidity are medium-sized.
Medium olive fruitiness, mostly ripe. Almond, artichoke and grass are perceived on the palate, of slight intensity. Spicy and bitter of medium intensity.
The most widespread area is the north-west of the province of Foggia, elsewhere it is present sporadically. Its diffusion is in the order of 5,000-6,000 Ha. The Peranzana cv is the main cv of the “Dauno” controlled denomination of origin, accompanied by the geographical mention Alto Tavoliere, because it must be present in the olive groves in an amount of no less than 80%.
Perri et al., 2022, Il germoplasma olivicolo del campo collezione del CREA Centro di Ricerca Olivicoltura, Frutticoltura e Agrumicoltura, sede di Rende, Ed. CREA, ISBN 9788833852027.
Fonte iconografica: LOMBARDO N. et A.A. (a cura di), 2004, Contributo alla caratterizzazione del germoplasma olivicolo pugliese. Istituto Sperimentale per l’Olivicoltura. Rende (CS).
Professor Maria Lisa Clodoveo
Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine
University of Bari
Dr. Enzo Perri
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)
Director of the CREA Olive, Fruit, and Citrus Research Center