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Cultivar cultivated for the production of table olives, present in the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani and, more precisely, in the countryside of Andria
Sant’Agostino, a typical table olive cultivar grown in the Apulia region
The Sant’Agostino cultivar, not reaching a high cultural importance, does not benefit from relevant historical references.
‘Grossa di Andria’, ‘Oliva di Andria’, ‘Oliva grossa’
The tree: it has medium vigour, an expansive habit and a medium crown density.
The inflorescence: it has a medium length of the little finger with a low number of flowers and a compact structure.
The leaf: it has an elliptical-lanceolate shape, an average length and a modest width; the longitudinal curvature of the lamina is flat-hyponastic.
The fruit: it has a very high weight, a spherical shape, with a position of the maximum average transversal diameter located centrally. The apex is rounded and the base truncated, the lenticels abundant and large. The umbo is absent.
The vegetative restart and mignolatura are variable, the flowering period is intermediate and of medium duration (15 days), while the veraison period of the drupes is medium and concentrated.
The tree is characterized by medium vigor, intermediate flowering and high summer drop. The high weight of the drupes and the high pulp/stone ratio and the excellent product characteristics of the pulp make Sant’Agostino a good variety for the production of table olives.
The cultivar is partially self-sterile and flowers at the same time as the cvs: Bella di Cerignola, Frangivento and Pasola.
The cultivar does not have a high phenol content and has a fatty acid composition in the average of southern oils, with a low percentage of oleic acid, around 70%. The oil has a low resistance to rancidity.
The oil is characterized by a light ripe olive fruitiness. Pleasant and light hints of almond, artichoke and tomato on the palate; slightly bitter and pungent.
Cultivar present in the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani and more precisely in the countryside of Andria and in the neighboring municipalities, occupying an area of about a thousand hectares.
Perri et al., 2022, Il germoplasma olivicolo del campo collezione del CREA Centro di Ricerca Olivicoltura, Frutticoltura e Agrumicoltura, sede di Rende, Ed. CREA, ISBN 9788833852027.
Fonte iconografica: LOMBARDO N. et A.A. (a cura di), 2004, Contributo alla caratterizzazione del germoplasma olivicolo pugliese. Istituto Sperimentale per l’Olivicoltura. Rende (CS).
Professor Maria Lisa Clodoveo
Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine
University of Bari
Dr. Enzo Perri
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)
Director of the CREA Olive, Fruit, and Citrus Research Center